Waste reduction and recycling are very important elements of the local waste management framework. They help both to conserve natural resources and to reduce demand for valuable landfill space.
Through the existing resource recovery system, about 1.83 million tonnes of municipal solid waste were recovered in Hong Kong in 2017. Of that total, 3% was recycled locally and 97% was exported to the Mainland and other countries for recycling, with an export earning of HK$4.2 billion for Hong Kong.
Note: Resource recovery system of Hong Kong comprises the public sector, private recyclers, and green groups in Hong Kong which recover recyclables.